Automate SSH Authorization

I usually work on Linux machines. every time its a time taking task to generate ssh key generation between servers and copy the authorization key.

i have a small script which will generate and copy the files to your desired destinations and makes your task easy

Login to server A

#ssh-keygen -t rsa -b 2048

follow the instructions and complete the key generation with empty passphrase.

#cd /tmp


#-------- end of the script -----------

#! /bin/bash

 PATH="/bin:/usr/bin" if [ ! -e ~/.ssh/ ]; then

 echo "RSA public key file ~/.ssh/ not found!"

 exit 1


for desthost in $@; do

 ssh -q "${USER}@${desthost}" \

 "if [ ! -d ~/.ssh ]; then mkdir -m 0700 ~/.ssh; fi; \

 echo $(cat ~/.ssh/ >> ~/.ssh/authorized_keys; \

 chmod 0600 ~/.ssh/authorized_keys" || echo "Unable to connect to $desthost"

#-------- start of the script -----------

Save the test using :wq and quit.

# chmod 700

Now you are ready to copy the generated keys to the destination servers

# cd /tmp


For the first time, it will ask password for the destination servers to copy the authorized_keys.

Now you can scp or ssh into destination servers from the current server without any passwords.

- Shankar

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Leave a Comment:

tttttt says June 22, 2009

are you aware of the ssh-copy-id utility which is provided with RHEL5?

Shanker says June 22, 2009

I am aware of this Utility. This article is generalized for other versions which doesn’t have this utility.

Laurent Schneider says June 22, 2009

if you are lazy you could do

cat ~/.ssh/id_*pub|ssh desthost tee -a .ssh/authorized_keys

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