I discussed about  SSL basics in WebLogic like Certifying Authority and Certificate , configuring SSL for OID and SSL for OVD  using Graphical User Interface (GUI) using Fusion Middleware Control (EM).

What if EM doesn’t work or you did not select Enterprise Manager during WebLogic Domain Creation?

or

You are not allowed to use GUI like EM to configure/manage SSL in Oracle.

If you are in situation like me where GUI is not an option and only Command Line Interface (CLI) is allowed then you can use utility orapki to manage certificates in Wallet for OID.

Similar to keystore in WebLogic, you have wallet to store SSL certificate (both Identity & Trust certificate) for Oracle components managed by OPMN like Oracle Internet Directory (OID), Oracle HTTP Server (OHS), and Oracle Virtual Directory (OVD).

In this post I am going to show how to create Wallet, create Certificate Signing Request (CSR) and importing Certificates (Identity and Trust).

First terminology

  • Wallet: is store to keep certificates both Identity (to which certificate is issued) like OID/OHS/OVD server and Trust (Certificate of Certifying Authority that issued the certificate). Wallet can be protected by password (use option -pwd) or allowed auto login only (use option -auto_login_only)
  • Identity Certificate : is the certificate of the Server that client (Web Client for OHS and LDAP client for OID/OVD) connects to. – When you import Identity Certificate in to wallet, you must use option -user_cert
  • Trust Certificate : is the certificate of the Certifying Authority (CA) that issued Identity Certificate. There could be multiple Certifying Authority in chain that issued the certificate. When you import Trust Certificate in to wallet, you must use option -trusted_cert . If there are multiple CAs in certificate chain then you must import all CA’s certificates with option -trusted_cert
  • orapki : is utility to manage (create, import, export) certificate and wallet. orapki is under MIDDLEWARE_HOME/ oracle_common/ bin

 

1. To create wallet
orapki wallet create -wallet [wallet_location]

orapki wallet create -wallet /u01/app/oracle/admin/oid_inst1/OID/admin/myWalletDir

2. To Display certificates in wallet

orapki wallet display -wallet [wallet_location]

orapki wallet display -wallet /u01/app/oracle/admin/oid_inst1/OID/admin/myWalletDir

Note:

  • Requested Certificates” contains details of Certificate Signing Requests that are not yet signed 
  • User Certificates” contains signed certificate for identity aka Identity Certificate 
  • Trusted Certificates”  contains certificates of Signing Authority (aka Certifying Authority – CA) . These certificate are also called as Trust Certificate or Root/Intermediate Certificate
  • By default when you create wallet , you get four CA certificate

3. To add a trusted certificate to an Oracle wallet:

orapki wallet add -wallet wallet_location -cert certificate_location -trusted_cert -auto_login_only
4. To add a user certificate to an Oracle wallet:

orapki wallet add -wallet wallet_location -cert certificate_location -user_cert -auto_login_only

 

 

Note: In above wallet, you can see 1 User Certificate (Identity Certificate ) and 6 Trusted Certificate (Certifying Authority certificate)

 

Related/References

Related Posts for OID


  1. Oracle Internet Directory OID
  2. Oracle Internet Directory – Basics II
  3. OID to OID/Active Directory/iPlanet other LDAP Server Integration
  4. Multi Master OID Replication
  5. OID Architecture
  6. Oracle Internet Directory , OID Troubleshooting
  7. Server Chaining in OID
  8. OID Quesries/ Scripts FAQ
  9. OIDADMIN Client
  10. Oracle Identity Management (OID) 11g installation Issues on Linux
  11. OID 11g – Oracle Directory Services Manager (ODSM)
  12. DIP : Synchronization, Provisioing, Connectors, DSS in Oracle Directory Services (ODS) 11g
  13. OID Replication – Suppliers, Consumers, DRG, ASR/LDAP based replication
  14. ASR setup has failed – Error occurred while dropping database link : ORA-02084 : database name is missing a component while Configuring Multi Master OID replication using “remtool -asrsetup”
  15. OID 11g Down : Unable to Start OID 11g using OPMN (ODS schema locked ORA-28002)
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  17. OID 11g Distributed Install : DIP/ODSM (Java Component) & OID (LDAP/REPLD) on different machine
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  20. How to add custom attribute, Object Classe in OID from command line or GUI
  21. Oracle Internet Directory (OID) and Real Application Cluster (RAC) database : Things you must know
  22. How to Update User Password in OID (single account or bulk) – command line or GUI
  23. Error starting OID 11g during configuration stage of OID installation on Windows Server “ProvisionException: Failed to start the component”
  24. How to delete Entries in OID 11g in Bulk – Delete Failed : Ldap Error Code 66 Not allowed on Non-Leaf
  25. How to find latest changelog number (or changes) in OID ?
  26. Context Initialization Error on running ldapsearch commands on OID Server
  27. How to find OID version and patches applied on OID Home ?
  28. How to change OID 11g LDAP/LDAPS listen port
  29. How to find/audit Failed Login Attempts in OID 11g
  30. Step by Step configuration of OID Multi Master Replication – LDAP based in OID 11g
  31. OID 11g LDAP based Multi Master replication : Configuration Entries you must know
  32. Configure SSL for Oracle Internet Directory (OID)
  33. How to backup Oracle Internet Directory (OID) 11g – Data : Full / Partial
  34. SSL / Wallets in OID/OHS : How to manage certificates in Wallet using command line ?? ORAPKI
  35. How to debug OID : LDAP Error code 50 – Insufficient Access Rights
  36. What Hashing Algorithm OID uses to store user Password : SSHA or MD5