This is Part II of Step by Step RAC configuration on your laptop/desktop without investing anything extra on hardware (Free) using virtual server, virtual hard disk and virtual network cards.
In this Part II, We will install required linux operating package for clusterware & database, additional hard disk (voting disk, ocr and ASM), network card for interconnect and configure newly added hard disk and network card.
Install following rpm’s (These rpm’s are in Red Hat ES CD’s or download them from rhn.redhat.com ) and install them using root account
(compat-glibc-7.x-126.96.36.199.6.i386.rpm, gnome-libs-188.8.131.52.90-34.2.i386.rpm, sysstat-4.0.7-4.EL3.3.i386.rpm )
rpm –ivh compat-glibc-7.x-184.108.40.206.6.i386.rpm
rpm –ivh gnome-libs-220.127.116.11.90-34.2.i386.rpm
rpm –ivh sysstat-4.0.7-4.EL3.3.i386.rpm
Create Shared Disk on Virtual Machine for Cluster Registry, Voting Disk and ASM
–Shutdown linux machine RAC1 (installed in part I) as “shutdown now” (from root user)
–Create folder “shared” in location “c:\atul\VMWARE” (or any other location of your choice)
–From VM Ware Console Press Ctrl + D to see Virtual Machine Settings
Or from screen
Click on Add
Click on Next
Note* Select votingDisk for disk one created , ocr for second disk created and asm for third disk created . This name doesn’t matter and this is for our understanding only.
Hard Disk 2 : for votingDisk (5 GB)
Hard Disk 3 : for ocr (5 GB)
Hard Disk 4 : for ASM (8GB)
This completes addition of hard disk (How to configure and share these hard disks coming next ..)
Adding Network Card for Interconnect
Next step is to create network card, there is already an existing network card which is used as public connection for connecting to this machine and database isnatance on this machine and new card will be used oracle clusterware as private inerconnect between two nodes of RAC i.e. RAC1 and RAC2. This private interconnect is used for clusterware talking to all remote nodes in cluster.
From VMWare Console press Ctrl + D
Now Start your linux Virtual MachineOn start of linux Virtual Machine you linux machine will detect newly added network card which you can configure now (at boot time only) or you can configure later as well.
Enter following details
IP Address —————–192.168.0.101
Netmask ——————- 255.255.255.0
Default Gateway ——— 192.168.0.254
Primary Nameserver —- 192.168.0.1
Login as Root User when prompted to login
Above we configured newly added network card eth1 (used for interconnect).
Format and Configure Virtual disks (voting disk, ocr and asm )
—————————————————-In this step We will format and configure Virtual Disks created above.
From user root
fdisk –l (This is to see list of disks, You will see entry like /dev/sdb, /dev/sdc, /dev/sdd doesn’t contain valid partition table)
fdisk /dev/sdb (Means we are dealing with /dev/sdb)
n (Create new disk)
p (Of type primary partition)
1 (First Cylinder)
Enter (carriage return)
Enter (carriage return)
w (Save table to disk and exit)
(For more information check man fdisk or below screenshot)
Repeat above step for /dev/sdc and /dev/sdd
So now fdisk –l you should details of /dev/sdb, dev/sdc, dev/sdd
–Add These disks as raw devices in file /etc/sysconfig/rawdevices as
–Restart rawdevices service as service rawdevices restart
Create directory /apps/oracle/oradata (For storing voting disk, ocr and ASM) asmkdir –p /apps/oracle/oradata (From Root Account)
–>Create symbolic link pointing to these raw devices so that we know which one is for what (Optional)
ln –s /dev/raw/raw1 /apps/oracle/oradata/ocr
ln –s /dev/raw/raw2 /apps/oracle/oradata/votingdisk
ln –s /dev/raw/raw3 /apps/oracle/oradata/asm
–Change ownership of these directories to oracle:oracle
chown oracle:oracle /dev/raw/raw1
chown oracle:oracle /dev/raw/raw2
chown oracle:oracle /dev/raw/raw3
Shutdown this machine as this is now ready to clone and to create RAC2 machine.
-Cloning RAC1 to RAC2
-Changing RAC2 network and hostname details
-Configuring user equivalency
-Installing clusterware 10.2.0.1
-Installing Oracle rac database 10.2.0.1
-Tips and Tricks of troubleshooting Oracle RAC Database and clusterware…..
Oracle ACE, Author, Speaker and Founder of K21 Technologies & K21 Academy : Oracle Gold Partner specialising in Design, Implement, and Trainings.
Find Us On