Startup Shutdown Application Server – Bounce Services

Last month I discussed about 10g Application Server which is going to replace 9i AS (1.0.2.2.2) in Oracle applications Rel 12 (Next version of Oracle Apps 11i). You can check overview & Installation Document in below links

http://onlineappsdba.com/index.php/2006/10/28/fusion-middleware-10g-application-server-overview/
Install Application Server/Fusion Middleware

Today I am going to continue with 10g Application Server Startup Shutdown Scripts. If you understand 10g AS architecture which consist of Infrastructure Services (Database & Identity Management) & Middle tier Services (Portal & Wireless or BI & Forms)
I am focusing on these two type of Installation & not j2ee & webcache type (which is third middle tier Installation type) in this discussion.

Startup Sequence
As in apps you follow order (first start database & then middle tier services in 10g AS also you follow similar sequences) Order of startup Services in 10g AS should be like
Start Database Listener
— Start Database
— Start Infrastructure Services
— Start Middle Tier Services

Shutdown Sequence
— Shutdown Middle Tier Services
— Shutdown Infrastructure Services
— Stop Database
— Stop database listener

What utility I should use to startup / shutdown (Bouncing) for 10g AS ?
You can use iasconsole (Browser based console listening in default port 1156) to startup shutdown services
You can also use opmnctl ; command line tool (Oracle Process Management & Notification) control to startup shutdown services

dcmctl utility to start/stop services is now deprecated & should not be used

Lets look at scripts once again
Startup
Start listener as – lsnrctl start [listener_name]
Start Database as – sqlplus “/as sysdba”; SQL> startup
Start Infrastructure Services as – opmnctl startall (Make sure your are in Infra Home)
Start Middle Tier Services as – opmnctl startall (Make sure your are in Middle Tier Home)

Shutdown
Stop Middle Tier Services as – opmnctl stopall (Make sure your are in Middle Tier Home)
Stop Infrastructure Services as – opmnctl stopall (Make sure your are in Infra Home)
Stop Database as – sqlplus “/as sysdba”; SQL> shutdown immediate
Stop listener as – lsnrctl stop [listener_name]

How to start/stop iasconsole ?
As I mentioned above you can start/stop services using iasconsole but before that you have to start / stop iasconsole itself which you can do by emctl (em – enterprise manager)

emctl start iasconsole
emctl stop iasconsole

To Start AS Console in 10g Rel3 (10.1.3) and higher use
opmnctl startproc application=ascontrol
opmnctl stopproc application=ascontrol
You can access ias console screen from browser by url
http://host.domain:em_port/emd (Default em port is 1156)
http://host.domain:1156/emd (This will prompt username password , use ias_admin)
http://host.domain:http_port/em (In iAS10g R3 and higher)

How to start individual component ?
Step mentioned above are to stop/start all components in Middle Tier or Infrastructure Tier , what if I want to start/stop/restart only few components of a Tier ? You will use

opmnctl [startproc stopproc restartproc] ias-component=[component_name]
or
opmnctl [startproc stopproc restartproc] process-type=[process_name]

Where Component Name like – OC4J, OID, HTTP_Server, WebCache and
Process Type like – WebCacheAdmin, OC4J_Portal, OC4J_Security

How to troubleshoot SSO Server …
How to change hostname/domainname of Apps 11i Server …
….Coming soon….

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About the Author Atul Kumar

Oracle ACE, Author, Speaker and Founder of K21 Technologies & K21 Academy : Oracle Gold Partner specialising in Design, Implement, and Trainings.

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27 comments
fhasweh says November 21, 2006

i guess the defual port is 1810 not 1156 can you please check it.

thanks
fadi

Reply
Atul Kumar says November 21, 2006

Fadi ,
Thanks for pointing that out , I have seen both depending on Application Server versions .

In some 1156 & 1810 , I did couple of 10.1.2.0.2 AS where port was 1156
whereas in 9.0.4 AS & collaboration Suite 10.1.2.0.0 its 1810.

Reply
Anonymous says January 22, 2007

Hi Atul,

Can we use 9i forms and reports with oracle applications 11.5.10.2
can u please guide me on this its very urgent.

Thanks,
appsdba

Reply
Atul Kumar says January 22, 2007

No Apps DBA,
Only 806 forms are integarted & certified with 11.5.10.2 though you can configure 10g Forms & reports comes with 10g Application server with Apps

Reply
Anonymous says January 29, 2007

Hello Atul,

For a 10gAS Rel 1 installation supporting retek applications, we copied all the configuration and installation files to a new box(unix aix installation). I know its not supported but, can you give me the configuration files which stores the hostname as we need to change the hostname of the box. Will this work?

Regards.
Syed

Reply
Atul Kumar says January 30, 2007

Syed,
You want to change server name to old server (source from where you moved) or you want to change values in 10g AS so that it takes new server name ?

Is old server also AIX ?

Reply
Anonymous says May 7, 2007

hi
well that was very well said… one question , though..
you said start db…
well which db, infrastructure db.??? coz i hv another prodn db rnnning on same box as app server… any suggestions

hardik shah

Reply
Atul Kumar says May 7, 2007

Hardik,
If your portal,BI or any other product data is stored in another database in that case you have to start product database & listener as well.

So for starting applications start infastructure database and any other database associated with application tier

Reply
Anonymous says July 16, 2007

Hi Atul,

Can you discuss more on opmnctl and dcmctl ,on which all scenarios these utilities will be used and what is the major difference between these two utilities.

AppsDBA

Reply
Atul Kumar says July 16, 2007

Sure I’ll cover this after RAC doc in a week or two .

Reply
Rob Ford says August 17, 2007

Hi,

Has anyone got any Windows scripts that they could send me to stop and start the Oracle 10g app server services ?

I am new to 10g and am looking for a really good script that sets environment, sleeps etc … that can be used commercially

Please send to :- rob_ford@hotmail.com

many thanks Rob

Reply
abhi.mishra says December 12, 2007

hi,

i am fresher as a apps DBA. So can u please tell me the process of how to Down and up the database and also the purpose.

Regards
Abhishek Mishra
mail : abhishek_577@yahoo.co.in

Reply
Atul Kumar says December 12, 2007

To Start Database

sqlplus “/as sysdba”
startup

To Shutdown Database
sqlplus “/as sysdba”
shutdown immediate

Reply
leela says November 11, 2008

Hi Atul,
I followed the your script for shutdown and all services shutdown well.
But,after that i issued following statement to check if all process shutdown
$ ps -ef|grep ora10g
ora10g 8916 1 0 Nov 4 ? 0:43 /u01/ora10gias/perl/bin/perl /u01/ora10gias/bin/emwd.pl dbconsole /u01/ora10gias/cgcaprpt_appinfra/sysman/log/emdbconsole.nohup
ora10g 8923 8916 0 Nov 4 ? 6:22 /u01/ora10gias/bin/emagent
ora10g 11822 8916 0 10:34:12 ? 0:07 /u01/ora10gias/jdk/bin/IA64N/java -server -Xmx512M -XX:MaxPermSize=64m -XX:MinHeapFreeRatio=20 -XX:MaxHeapFreeRatio=40 -XdoClos

The above process are not shutdown, how can i incorporate this in my shutdown script or should i just kill this process ?

Reply
Atul Kumar says November 12, 2008

It seems dbconsole is still running

for 10g AS R2
use
emctl stop dbconsole
emctl stop iasconsole

for 10g AS R3 use
opmnctl stopproc application=ascontrol

or you can kill above processes (Not an issue)

Reply
dbamac says January 14, 2009

Hi Atul,
Normally I use OEM to manage/monitor my Application servers but since there is a separate license for Diagnostic packs I tend to manage/monitor my Application Server components using OPMNCTL. Is there a way or a tool that i’ll be notified when one of my application server components gets any problem(suddenly stop/died)?

Reply
sanjit says March 6, 2010

hi,

i am fresher as a apps DBA. So can u please tell me the process of how to Down and up the database
Regards,
sanjit de

Reply
sanjit says March 6, 2010

i am fresher as a apps DBA. So can u please tell me the process of how to Down and up the database
Regards,
sanjit de
de.sanjit@gmail.com

Reply
Atul Kumar says March 8, 2010

@ Sanjit

For R12 check this http://onlineappsdba.com/index.php/2007/06/10/start-up-shutdown-scripts-in-oracle-apps-r12/

for 11i check this http://onlineappsdba.com/index.php/2006/08/02/startup-shutdown-apps-services/

For database in apps

1. Ensure that middle tier services are down
2. Stop apps database and listener like standalone database

lsnrctl stop [SID]

sqlplus “/as sysdba”
SQL> shutdown immediate

Reply
jango says April 8, 2010

problem: HTTP_Server not up/running; in ‘Stopped’ state when trying to:
opmnctl startall

any suggestion?

—– opmnctl status -l ——
C01001ADB001> opmnctl status -l

Processes in Instance: ——————-+——————–+———+———-+————+———-+———–+——
ias-component | process-type | pid | status | uid | memused | uptime | ports
——————-+——————–+———+———-+————+———-+———–+——
DSA | DSA | N/A | Down | N/A | N/A | N/A | N/A
HTTP_Server | HTTP_Server | 5799 | Init | 1642987591 | 6128 | 23:00:26 | N/A
LogLoader | logloaderd | N/A | Down | N/A | N/A | N/A | N/A
dcm-daemon | dcm-daemon | N/A | Down | N/A | N/A | N/A | N/A
OC4J | home | 29462 | Alive | 1452736599 | 59192 | 00:03:04 | ajp:12501,rmi:12401,jms:12601
OC4J | OC4J_EMPROV | 29463 | Alive | 1452736600 | 69904 | 00:03:04 | ajp:12502,rmi:12402,jms:12602
OC4J | OC4J_EM | 29464 | Alive | 1452736601 | 170904 | 00:03:04 | ajp:12503,rmi:12403,jms:12603
WebCache | WebCache | 29465 | Alive | 1452736602 | 36232 | 00:03:04 | http:7778,invalidation:9401,stati
stics:9402
WebCache | WebCacheAdmin | 29466 | Alive | 1452736603 | 12344 | 00:03:04 | administration:9400
thanks in advance.

–JN

Reply
Atul Kumar says April 10, 2010

@ JN,
Check log file related to http server in OPMN log

1. $ORACLE_HOME/opmn/logs

2. $ORACLE_HOME/ Apache/Apache/ logs/error_log

Reply
Gulfam wani says December 31, 2012

Hi Atul,
I installed Oracle 10gAS on ubuntu 12.04 LTS,but while checking the opmnctl status its showing:

Processes in Instance: ias_hns.localhost
——————-+——————–+———+———
ias-component | process-type | pid | status
——————-+——————–+———+———
DSA | DSA | N/A | Down
HTTP_Server | HTTP_Server | 16677 | Alive
LogLoader | logloaderd | N/A | Down
dcm-daemon | dcm-daemon | 16538 | Alive
OC4J | home | 16712 | Alive

plz let me know how to make DSA and LogLoader Alive(up).

Reply
Gulfam wani says December 31, 2012

Hi Atul,
I installed Oracle 10bAS on Ubuntu 12.04 LTS,the installation was successful
but when i am checking opmnctl status it is showing:

Processes in Instance: ias_hns.localhost
——————-+——————–+———+———
ias-component | process-type | pid | status
——————-+——————–+———+———
DSA | DSA | N/A | Down
HTTP_Server | HTTP_Server | 16677 | Alive
LogLoader | logloaderd | N/A | Down
dcm-daemon | dcm-daemon | 16538 | Alive
OC4J | home | 16712 | Alive

plz let me know how to make Alive(Up) DSA and LogLoader

Reply
    Atul Kumar says December 31, 2012

    @ Gulfam wani,
    Do not worry about DSA and LogLoader they will be down by default,

    Reply
Gulfam wani says January 2, 2013

Thank you Atul..

Reply
MMT says June 3, 2015

Hi,

My Question is that. My application server has created 3 session in ORACLE. Now the App server shutdown immediately due to any issue.
There are 3 GHOST session in ORACLE found.

Concern is

1) Do i need to Kill the session in ORACLE ?

2) When the app server up again it will use the session ? ( No need to kill session in ORACLE).

Reply
    Atul Kumar says June 3, 2015

    @MMT,
    For an enterprise class application server, that connect to database Application Server uses connection pooling. When Server is bounced , pool is closed and that should close session on DB Server .

    2) When the app server up again it will use the session ? ( No need to kill session in ORACLE).
    No, Application Server can’t use a session created prior to restart of application server (even if that session exists in DB for some reason) . Application Server will create new connection pool for database connection .

    Reply
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